TryHackMe: Complete Beginner (Supplements)

author: Nathan Acks
date: 2021-11-09


Can You Dig It?

Mostly this section is just looking things up in the Splunk Quick Reference Guide.

Splunk stores imported data in “indexes”; log timestamps are stored in the _time field.

The bucket command can be used to group results by time or other metrics during processing. However, chart processing uses the span directive instead.

Some acronyms:

Various Splunk apps (extensions, really) can be found at Forums and the like can be found at

Halp, I’m Drowning in Logs!

The cyber killchain:

Advanced Persistent Threat

In Splunk, searching for * matches any non-null string. This is particularly useful when combining data sources, doing lookups, etc., as adding a subsearch like | search field_name=* will ensure that only rows that actually matched are returned.

Because Splunk aggregates logs from multiple sources, field names might not always be named consistently Because of this, a common pattern is to include searches like (field_1="term" or field_2="term"). Note that it’s also possible to leave the field specification off entirely, in which case the provided “term” will be searched for in all fields.

Sysmon records a program starting up using the EventDescription of “Process Create” and an EventCode of 1.

In Splunk, “source” and “destination” refer to the initiator and receiver of a network connection, not individual packets of data. So normally a web server would only be a “destination”, even though it can respond to the “source” with quite a lot of data.

Possibly useful sites for getting OSINT domain information: