Using NFS

NFS Basics

All versions of NFS use port 2049 to transfer data; NFSv1 - NFSv3 also depended on the “portmapper” service running on port 111, but this requirement was removed in NFSv4.

# List NFS shares.
showmount -e $SERVER_IP

# Mount an NFS share.
sudo mount -t nfs ${SERVER_IP}:${SHARE_PATH} \
                  $LOCAL_MOUNT_DIR -nolock

# Force-unmount an unresponsive share.
sudo umount -f $LOCAL_MOUNT_DIR

Note that the mount directory must be owned by root.

Root Squashing

Files created on NFS shares inherit the remote UID. By default, NFS enables “root squashing”, which maps UID 0 to the nobody user.

Root squashing can be disabled in /etc/exports with the no_root_squash flag. This is obviously insecure, however, as it allows a user that connects to that share as root to drop SUID binaries! (Remember that files on NFS mounts are created using the UID/GID values of the local user!)